About Bidhan NagarBidhan Nagar is located in the state of West Bengal which is an extension of the Indian metropolis of Kolkata. The city is also known as Salt Lake. This city is developed into a satellite township on the urban fringe of Kolkata. The administration of Bidhan Nagar is run by a separate Municipal entity which was constituted in 1995. The city got its name from Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, the erstwhile chief minister of West Bengal, who was also the founder of the city. The city has been developed in accordance with a grand design by the West Bengal government to solve the population pressure of Kolkata so that the growing number of people can be settled in a new township. Bidhan Nagar was built by filling the marshy saltwater lakes with the silts of the River Hoogly. The whole process took seven years (1958 to 1965) for completion. The project work of developing Bidhan Nagar into a satellite town was sectioned to a company of former Yugoslavia which name was Invest Import. The leader and planner of the project was Dobrivoje Toškovic who also happened to be a Yugoslav citizen. He came to revisit the city in 2007.
Geography of BidhannagarBidhan Nagar is positioned in the geographical coordinates of 22.58°N and 88.42°E with an elevation of 11 metres from the sea level. The location of the area near the airport makes the city a very convenient place in respect of many things like transportation, commerce & industry as well as tourism.
The summer temperature of Bidhan Nagar goes up to the limit of 24º / 38º C. Mid March to mid June is the season of hot summer time in the city. Hot wind blows from the North-West direction during summer season. However, cool wind blowing from the seaward direction acts as soothing agent on the inhabitants of the city. The monsoon season sets in from mid June to the end September; sometimes till the first week of October. Bidhan Nagar experiences an annual rainfall of a160 m. October and November Bidhan Nagar evenings become very pleasant. The winter season sets in from December and lasts till mid February. During that period the temperature stays around 11º C to 24º C.
The soil type of Bidhan Nagar is alluvial like many parts of the Indo-Gengatic plains. The formation of the city soil is consisted of silt, clay, different layers of sand and quaternary sediments. Quaternary sediments are positioned in the middle of the two layers of clays. The lower one is placed at a depth of 250 metres to 650 metres. The upper one lies at the depth of 10 metres to 40metres.
Demography of BidhannagarThe population of Bidhan Nagar was 218,323 according to the census of 2011. The males constituted 111,363 and the females constituted 106,960 of the total population. The literacy rate was 90.44%, of which the males constituted 93.08% and the females constituted 87.69%.
History of BidhannagarThe history of Bidhan Nagar is linked with the decisive historical Battle of Plassey (1757), the result of which ensconced the rule of the British East India Company in India. The historical fact remains that Sirajuddaula, the Bengal Nawab camped in the Bidhan Nagar area to strategise his attack on the British settlement in Kolkata namely, Fort William. After the death of the Nawab in the battle, the British gave the administrative rights of the Bidhan Nagar area to Mir Jafar who took side with the British in the battle of Plassey. The rights over the land were enjoyed by the posterities of Mir Jafar. With the passage of time, this area full of saltwater lakes passed on to the control of the local landlords. The lakes went on to become the ideal centres for pisciculture in Bengal. The foundation of the modern Salt Lake or Bidhan Nagar City is laid over the swampy salt water lakes.
Economy of BidhannagarBidhan Nagar is blessed with high class infrastructure for economic development. It has emerged as the hub of information technology not only of West Bengal but also of the entire country. On that score, it is placed along with the cities like Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai and Delhi. Different software companies like TCS, Wipro, IBM, Accenture, PWC, Cognizant Technology Solutions, Genpact, Tata Interactive Systems, HCL Technologies, NIIT Technologies, HSBC Global Resourcing, Delloite, Capgemini and many more have opened their vendors here. The software companies are located in the Sector V of the city.
Tourism Places of Bidhannagar
Bidhan Nagar has a special space in the tourism map of India by virtue of economic development as well as its educational infrastructure. Being attributed to the status of a satellite township, the city is possessed with the prospects of Developmental Tourism. The city can boast of the facilities which have credited an outstanding character in comparison with a good number of Indian cities. The city is well possessed with infrastructures of all kinds, be it in sports, motorways, business & industry as well as education. TheYuva Bharati Krirangan is the largest sports stadium in the country. The Netaji Subhash Sports Institute is located here. Many ultramodern shopping malls and cinema complexes like the City Centre, RDB Big Cinemas Multiplex and INOX Multiplex entertain the city dwellers and the tourists. “Bytes", a famous food court offers mouth watering delicacies of Chinese, South Indian, North Indian, East India and Continental along with beverages. Hyatt Regency, the five star hotel is adorned with state-of-the accommodation facility.
Some other worth seeing places includes Nicco Park, Nalban Boating Complex, Central Park and the hospitals like AMRI, Anandalok Hospital, Columbia-Asia, Kolkata Heart Research Institute and Seva.
How to Reach Bidhannagar
By Air: Bidhan Nagar has no airport. The nearest airport is the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata.
By Road: From Kolkata, one can hire cab/taxi on his way to Bidhan Nagar which is just 8 kilometres away from the metropolis.
By Train: Train Services from two stations of Kolkata namely, Sealdoh and Dakshineshwar are available. Trains from many parts of west Bengal and the cities of other Indian states are connected to Bidhan Nagar.
Bidhan Nagar Tourism, About Bidhan Nagar, Bidhan Nagar Salt Lake
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